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托福备考:副词的应用详细解析

来源:考试在线2012-05-08 在线模考培训课程

  托福备考经验中总结,副词是托福考试中非常活跃的词类。它与形容词一样,是词类变化题型必考的词性。一般说来,有关副词的题目并不很难。所以托福备考中一定要复习到保证不失分。绝大部分考的是副词词性的判断。
  副词常考题型及解题要点
  1 副词与形容词的功能区别:形容词修饰名词;副词修饰除名词以外的所有词性及句子成分
   [例1] The ordeal of the Cherokee Indians, who were forcible moved from their homeland in the 1830*s, is remembered as the *Tears*. (91.10)
  [答案] B 修饰动词moved应用副词forcibly。
   [例2] Although the United States experienced rapidly growth in the first half of the nincieenth century, it was still predominately concerned with agriculture and forestry. (93.10)
  [答案] A 修饰名词growth应用形容词rapid,而不用副词rapidly。 此题是TOEEL常考类型题。请注意以- ly后缀构成的副词通常是命题焦点。
  2. 否定词not与形容词no的区别
  解题要点: 区分副词not和形容词no的命题是TOEEL常考的题型,主要分布在structure (1-15题)中。当not或no出现在选择答案中,应首先判断它所修饰的中心词的词性以决定选哪一个否定词。
  全真例分析
  (1) Since Alaska attained statehood in 1959------- single party has dominated politics there.
  (A) none
  (B) no
  (C) not
  (D) never (94.1)
  [答案] B 修饰中心名词party应用形容词no,而非副词not。
  (2) ------- social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams enthusiasm more than the expansion of the United States.
  (A) No
  (B) Nothing
  (C) Not
  (D) None (91.10)
  [答案] 修饰主语名词crusade 应用形容词no. 而非副词not。
  (3) ------- all rainwater falling from a cloud reaches the ground, some of it is lost through evaporation.
  (A) Nowhere
  (B) Not
  (C) No
  (D) None (91.8)
  [答案] B 修饰形容词all应用否定副词not。Not all (不是所有的)是固定短语搭配,表示的是部分否定,not all = sosme。
  (4) The mechanism by which brain cells store memories is ------- clearly understood.
  (A) none
  (B) no
  (C) not
  (D) nor (90.5)
  [答案] C 否定系词is,应用副词not。
   (5) Not woman held a presidential cabinet position in the United States until 1933. When Frances Perkins became secretary of labor. (89.1)
  [答案] A Not 改为No.
  3. 辨别词形相近的副词和形容词
  hare (努力、副词)- hardly (几乎不、副词)
  close (接近、形容词)- closely (接近、副词)
  near (接近、形容词)- nearly (几乎、副词)
  most (大多数的、形容词)-mostly(主要地、副词)
  late (迟、晚、形容词)-lately(最近、副词)
  全真例题分析
  (1) Chief Joseph Flesche. A vigorous Omaha leader, worked hardly to make his nation a proud and progressive one. (93.1)
  [答案] B hardly (几乎不)改为hard(努力)。
   (2) Glaciers that develop nearly the North and South Poles advance into the sea. Break into pieces, and become icebergs. (90.8)
  [答案] B 副词nearly意思是“几乎”。此句应改为near(接近)。
  (3) Those electrons most closely to the nucleus are held electromagnetic force. (92.1)
  [答案] B most closely 改为most close。
  以上托福备考中,总结到的题型主要有:(1)副词与形容词混淆(详见本忆要点之[词类变化])(2)否定副词Not 的用法、(3)易混淆的副词。这三项是副词的考点,遇到副词题及时分辨,大家可以联想以上例子,迅速拿下副词题。